- Biolinks: Work with partners to create wildlife corridors (‘biolinks’) connecting our Reserve and other significant native vegetation patches, including the Stony Rises, Jancourt Conservation Reserve and the Camperdown-Timboon Rail Trail.
- These corridors will allow wildlife movement in the face of climate change and to ensure genetic diversity amongst populations.
Watch this space!
KEY SUCCESSES & ACHIEVEMENTS
- 2013 - 2018
Reserve Management Plan
Here’s a general outline of objectives:
- Objective One: Enhance the Visitor Experience
- Objective Two: Protect and Enhance Environmental and Landscape Values
- Objective Three: Develop Promotional and Educational Opportunities
- Objective Four: Support Long Term Viability of the Reserves
- Objective Five: Mitigate Risk to Users and Surrounding Residents Woodland vegetation: Vegetation on the Mounts will be naturally and if required manually thinned to better reflect the woodland tree densities found prior to European settlement.
- Woodland vegetation: Vegetation on the Mounts will be naturally and if required manually thinned to better reflect the woodland tree densities found prior to European settlement.
- In 60 years time, approximately 80% of the seedlings planted are estimated to be thinned to create this woodland.
- 2009 - 2010
2009 - 2010 PROGRESS
- 2010 – Gained ‘Land For Wildlife’ status from the Department of Sustainability and Environment.
- 2010 – Shelter constructed in the saddle of the two Mounts.
- 2010 – Geo-caching adventure treasure hunting maps and online presence developed.
- 2010 – Development of Risk Management Plan, including Fire Management Plan.
- 2009 – Friends of Mount Leura thrives – all ages, mixed cultures, families, retirees combine on projects to develop and protect the Reserve facilities and future.
- 2005 - 2008
2005 - 2008
- 2008 – Indigenous plant display garden established at the lower car park area. A brochure about the display garden is available at the tourist information centre.
- 2007 – The Reserves thrive as The Management Committee and The Friends of Mt Leura Inc. partnership continues to deliver.
- 2005 – Projects gain momentum; seedlings nurtured, planting days, bird watching days, excursions, talks and walks.
- 2002 - 2003
2002 - 2003
- 2003 – Stone wall entrance to the lower information shelter constructed to reflect the volcanis nature of the area and tribute the work of Anglo-Celtic stonewallers who built kilometres of similar walls acros the volcanic plains.
- 2002 – Information shelter and dry-stone wall, at the lower car park area, was constructed.
- Mount Sugarloaf leased from The National Trust by The Corangamite Shire, so that revegetation could occur. Previously there were still cattle being grazed by the original landowner who was leasing the land.
- Friends of Mount Leura established. Monthly activities held. Community involvement grows.
- Olympic Landcare Planting undertaken around the lower shelter area.
- Rotary Shelter constructed at the Mount Leura upper car park area to commemorate 50 yrs of Rotary.
- The Management Plan adopted by the Corangamite Shire Council after an amendment to ensure important view lines of the volcanic landscape would be maintained.
- 1991 - 1995
1991 - 1995 Managing the Reserves
- 1991 – The Mount Leura and Mount Sugarloaf Advisory Committee of the Town of Camperdown was formed.
- 1994 – The Mount Leura and Mount Sugarloaf Landscape Master Plan, Management Plan and Implementation Plan completed, jointly funded by the National Trust and the Town of Camperdown.
- 1994 – The Mt Leura and Mt Sugarloaf Development Committee supersedes the Advisory Committee. This special committee of Council includes six very enthusiastic community volunteers, a representative from Council, and a part-time project manager employed to manage the reserves.
- 1994 – The Camperdown College Community Nursery is developed.
- 1995 – The first plantings in the inside of crater done by Camperdown College and Lakes and Craters Environment Group. Students have been involved ever since, as have many other thousands of volunteers; including visiting overseas groups.
- 1995 – The Mount Leura Reserve title is passed from the Town of Camperdown on to The Corangamite Shire after amalgamation.
- 1966 - 1972
1966 -1972 Conservation Battle - Direct Action
- In 1966 scoria quarrying began on the western side of Mt Sugarloaf.
- About 20 residents from Camperdown sat in front of a bulldozer on the summit of Mt Sugarloaf.
- In 1970 Mount Sugarloaf & environs (38.8 hectares or 96 acres) was purchased by the National Trust (Victoria), and funds from a public appeal, this led to the creation of The Mt Sugarloaf Reserve.
- This sale followed a significant conservation battle to protect Mount Sugarloaf from further scoria quarrying.
- This conservation battle was possibly the first example of a community taking direct action to save a natural feature in Australia.
- In the early 70’s The Mt Sugarloaf Preservation Committee of the National Trust was formed. Pines and non indigenous natives were planted to screen the quarry.
- 1953 - 1963
1953 - 1963
- 1953 – The Mount Leura Reserve title passed on from the Shire of Hampden to the Town of Camperdown Council.
- 1963 – The road to the Mount Leura summit was sealed.
- 1920 - 1930
1920 - 1930
- Cypress and Pine planted on Mount Leura as part of a Returned Soldier’s Employment Scheme.
- Road to Mt Leura summit completed in 1935 (not sealed until 1963).
Mt Leura Reserve Established
- There was a land swap with the Manifold Brothers and the Shire of Hampden which set aside public land that then created the Mt Leura Reserve (11.3 hectares or 28 acres).
- Recollection recorded in the Camperdown Chronicle reported that, 55 years earlier (1879), kangaroos were plentiful at Mount Leura.
- Native cats (quolls) were reported as being in plague proportions in the nineteenth century.
- Wombats were also present around the scoria cones.
1865 Land Act
- The Land Act was passed, opening up all land between Geelong and the South Australian border to a ballot.
- The area around the Mounts was leased for farming, and heavy clearing followed.
- Within 50 years of European arrival the Mounts had been cleared of timber.
- Von Geurard paints Mounts Leura and Sugarloaf from the Purrumbete Homestead.
- Austrian-born landscape painter Eugene Von Guerard worked in Australia between 1852-1882.
- His paintings, such as that of Mounts Leura and Sugarloaf are invaluable today in reconstructing the landscape as it was before settlement.
- The town of Camperdown was surveyed at the base of Mount Leura.
1839 Early European Arrival
- The Manifold brothers, coming from Bateford near Geelong, drove their sheep into the area and settled on the banks of Lake Purrumbete. They took up an area of 80,000 acres including Mount Leura and Mount Sugarloaf.
- Others were soon to follow, taking up the land for their cattle and sheep.
- In the same year, Henry Gibb built huts beside a small stream north of Mount Leura and the settlement of Timboon was born. This area is now referred to as ‘Old Timboon’.
- DJARGURD WURRONG
- The Camperdown district was inhabited, for thousands of years, by the Leehura (Liwura) Gunditj Clan of the Djargurd Wurrong language groups who named Mount Sugarloaf “Tuunumbee Heear” or “moving moving woman”.
- Mount Leura and Mount Sugarloaf were used by the Leehura people as signalling towers and lookouts to observe movements of game and neighbouring peoples.
- The mounts were also important landmarks, guiding local people’s lifestyle.
- EARLY HISTORY
GEOLOGY & EARLY HISTORY
- 10,000-40,000 years ago Mt Leura volcanic complex formed.
- In geological terms this is very recent activity.
- 35,000 years ago megafauna across the volcanic plains disappeared due to reason unknown.
- Read More