- Biolinks: Work with partners to create wildlife corridors (‘biolinks’) connecting our Reserve and other significant native vegetation patches, including the Stony Rises, Jancourt Conservation Reserve and the Camperdown-Timboon Rail Trail.
- These corridors will allow wildlife movement in the face of climate change and to ensure genetic diversity amongst populations.
- Woodland vegetation: Vegetation on the Mounts will be naturally and if required manually thinned to better reflect the woodland tree densities found prior to European settlement.
- In 60 years time, approximately 80% of the seedlings planted are estimated to be thinned to create this woodland.
- 2010 – Gained ‘Land For Wildlife’ status from the Department of Sustainability and Environment.
- 2010 – Shelter constructed in the saddle of the two Mounts.
- 2010 – Geo-caching adventure treasure hunting maps and online presence developed.
- 2010 – Development of Risk Management Plan, including Fire Management Plan.
- 2009 – Friends of Mount Leura thrives – all ages, mixed cultures, families, retirees combine on projects to develop and protect the Reserve facilities and future.
- 2008 – Friends of Mount Leura thrives – community groups develop with the continued support of the Corangamite Shire Council.
- 2007 – Friends of Mount Leura thrives – projects continue with enthusiastic community involvement. Facilities developed.
- 2005 – Friends of Mount Leura thrives – projects gain momentum; seedlings nurtured, planting days, bird watching days, excursions, talks and walks.
- 2003 – Stone wall entrance to the lower information shelter constructed to reflect the volcanis nature of the area and tribute the work of Anglo-Celtic stonewallers who built kilometres of similar walls acros the volcanic plains.
- 200? – Indigenous plant display garden established at the lower car park area. A brochure about the display garden is available at the tourist information centre.
- 2000 – Olympic Landcare Planting undertaken around the lower shelter area.
- 200? – Information Shelter at the Lower car park area is constructed.
- 200? – Friends of Mount Leura established. Monthly activities held. Community involvement grows.
- 200? – Rotary Shelter constructed at the Mount Leura car park area to commemorate ?? yrs of Rotary.
- 199? – Mount Sugarloaf least from the Trust by Corangamite Shire…
- 1997 – The Management Plan adopted by the Corangamite Shire Council after an amendment to ensure important view lines of the volcanic landscape would be maintained.
- 199? – The Camperdown College Community Nursery is developed.
1995/1994/1992 Managing the Reserves
- 1995 – The Mount Leura Reserve title is passed from the Town of Camperdown on to The Corangamite Shire after amalgamation.
- 1995 – The Mt Leura and Mt Sugarloaf Development Committee supersedes the Advisory Committee. This special committee of Council includes six very enthusiastic community volunteers, a representative from Council, and a part-time project manager employed to manage the reserves.
- 1995 – The first plantings in the inside of crater done by Camperdown College, and groups of students have been involved ever since.
- 1994 – The Mount Leura and Mount Sugarloaf Landscape Master Plan, Management Plan and Implementation Plan completed, jointly funded by the National Trust and the Town of Camperdown.
- 1992 – The Mount Leura and Mount Sugarloaf Advisory Committee of the Town of Camperdown was formed.
1972 Conservation Battle - Direct Action
- The Mount Sugarloaf Reserve was purchased by the National Trust (Victoria), and funds from a public appeal.
- This sale followed a significant conservation battle to protect Mount Sugarloaf from further scoria quarrying that had started on the Mount’s western face.
- This conservation battle was possibly the first example of a community taking direct action to save a natural feature in Australia.
- About 20 residents from Camperdown sat in front of a bulldozer on the summit of Mt Sugarloaf.
- In the same year, the Mt Sugarloaf Preservation Committee of the National Trust was formed. Pines were planted to screen the quarry.
- 1963 – The road to the Mount Leura summit was sealed.
- 1953 – The Mount Leura Reserve title passed on from the Shire of Hampden to the Town of Camperdown Council.
- Recollection recorded in the Camperdown Chronicle reported that, 55 years earlier (1879), kangaroos were plentiful at Mount Leura.
- Native cats (quolls) were reported as being in plague proportions in the nineteenth century.
- Wombats were also present around the scoria cones.
- Cypress and Pine planted on Mount Leura as part of a Returned Soldier’s Employment Scheme.
1865 Land Act
- The Land Act was passed, opening up all land between Geelong and the South Australian border to a ballot.
- The area around the Mounts was leased for farming, and heavy clearing followed.
- Within 50 years of settlement, the Mounts had been cleared of timber.
- Von Geurard paints Mounts Leura and Sugarloaf from the Purrumbete Homestead.
- Austrian-born landscape painter Eugene Von Guerard worked in Australia between 1852-1882.
- His paintings, such as that of Mounts Leura and Sugarloaf are invaluable today in reconstructing the landscape as it was before settlement.
- The town of Camperdown was surveyed at the base of Mount Leura.
1839 Early Settlers
- The Manifold brothers, coming from Bateford near Geelong, drove their sheep into the area and settled on the banks of Lake Purrumbete. They took up an area of 80,000 acres including Mount Leura and Mount Sugarloaf.
- Others were soon to follow, taking up the land for their cattle and sheep.
- In the same year, Henry Gibb built huts beside a small stream north of Mount Leura and the settlement of Timboon was born. This area is now referred to as ‘Old Timboon’.
- The Camperdown district was originally inhabited by the Leehura language groups who named Mount Sugarloaf “Tuunumbee Heear” or “moving moving woman”.
- Mount Leura and Mount Sugarloaf were used by the Leehura people as signalling towers and lookouts to observe movements of game and neighbouring peoples.
- The mounts were also important landmarks, guiding local people’s semi-nomadic lifestyle.
GEOLOGY & EARLY HISTORY
- 10,000-40,000 years ago Mt Leura volcanic complex formed.
- In geological terms this is very recent activity.
- 35,000 years ago megafauna across the volcanic plains disappeared due to reason unknown.